Monday, 2 April 2018

Sydney Schiff

This is an outline of what I would like to have written about Sydney Schiff

His parents relationship. His Father. His Mother.
Birth of his sister.
His birth.
His childhood: Prince Hempseed.
His adolescence and youth: The Other Side.
[When is the discussion about a career?]
His marriage.
His life at Blevio.
The end of his marriage.
Violet Beddington.
His writing.
Dates for books…
His involvement with the arts: names and dates
Poets, artists
  1. Eliot: Letter 16 July 1919 from TSE
  2. Wyndham Lewis: portrait Violet started 1922
  3. Mansfield: 1918 in south of France (Klaidman says 1st April 1920) 
  4. Proust: Spring 1919
  5. Muir: letter May 1924
  6. Sitwells: Sydney appointed Osbert co-editor of Art & Letters November 1918
  7. Eurich, 
  8. Rosenberg: met May 1915 at Café Royal
  9. Koteliansky: pre 1926
  10. Epstein, 
  11. Delius, 
  12. Huxley, 
  13. Joyce, 
  14. Murry, 
  15. Beerbohn, 
  16. Garnett? 
  17. Woolf?, 
  18. Sculptor ?
  19. Had paintings by Gauguin and Picasso at Roquebrune 
  20. Bomberg? 
  21. Gertler

Patronage: Lady Drogheda, 'Eleanor' [Joan Carr]
Editorships and support
Sources: BL

  • Concessions (1913, as Sydney Schiff)
  • War Time Silhouettes (1916)
  • Richard Kurt (1919)
  • Elinor Colhouse (1921)
  • Prince Hempseed (1923)
  • In Sight of Chaos by Hermann Hesse (1923, as translator)
  • Tony (1924)
  • Myrtle (1925)
  • Richard, Myrtle and I (1926)
  • A True Story in Three Parts and a Postscript, All of Them Facile Rubbish (1930)
  • Celeste and Other Sketches (Blackamore Press, 1930)
  • Time Regained by Marcel Proust (1931, as translator)
  • The Other Side (1937)

Schiff, Sydney Alfred [pseud. Stephen Hudson] (1868–1944), novelist, translator, and patron of the arts, was born in London, the illegitimate child of Alfred George Schiff (c.1840–1908), a stockbroker, and Caroline Mary Ann Eliza Cavell, née Scates (1842–c.1896). Caroline had married John Scott Cavell in 1861: he filed for divorce in 1867 on the grounds that Caroline had committed adultery with an unknown person in 1865 and had borne a daughter (Carrie Louise) from this relationship, and that she had cohabited with Alfred Schiff since November 1865. Sydney Schiff's birth was registered under another, untraceable name; the date which the family used as his birthday, 12 December 1868, cannot be confirmed. Caroline married Alfred Schiff in 1869, and they had four further children, one son and three daughters.

Schiff was educated at G. T. Worsley's Preparatory School at Hillingdon, Middlesex, and at Wellington College, Crowthorne, Berkshire. In 1886 he was unsuccessful in his efforts to enter Oxford to read law, and in 1887 he travelled first to Canada, to work for a friend of his father, and subsequently to the United States, to work for his uncle Charles. Travelling in the States, Schiff met Marion Fulton Canine (b. 1867/8, d. after 1932), whom he married on 29 August 1889 in Ontario. The couple returned to Europe, but the marriage was not a success. In spite of the family wealth, Marion's expectations of luxury were not fulfilled; moreover, she antagonized her mother-in-law, and mocked Sydney's literary aspirations. The couple separated in 1908; Marion filed for divorce in June 1910, and the decree absolute was declared on 8 May 1911.

Schiff married Violet Zillah Beddington (1874–1962) on 10 May 1911. Violet and her family were more encouraging of artistic endeavour than Schiff's parents or his first wife, and he turned his attentions to writing fiction and to patronage of the arts. His first novel, Concessions (1913), was published under his own name, but War-Time Silhouettes (1916) and subsequent works appeared under the name Stephen Hudson. The pseudonym was adopted in anticipation of the appearance of Richard Kurt (1919), the first of a sequence of autobiographical novels. Schiff had begun work on these in 1911, but during the First World War he and Violet had enthusiastically read Proust's Du côté de chez SwannÀ la recherche du temps perdu provided a precedent for the scale, if not the manner, of Schiff's autobiographical sequence. Schiff later extensively revised and combined several of his novels as A True Story (1930). His championing of Proust in British literary circles also led to his translating Time Regained (1923) after the death of C. K. Scott Moncrieff.

During the war Schiff developed his role as a patron of the arts, supporting Isaac Rosenberg with small gifts of money and painting materials. He subsidized the short-lived but influential periodical Art and Letters (1918–20), as well as contributing to it and editing one issue. In the post-war period he encouraged and supported other modernist artists and writers through purchases and gifts of money, and through correspondence, hospitality, and conversation. His manner was recalled by Jacob Isaacs as being ‘fastidious, punctilious’ and ‘exquisitely courteous’, while his appearance, on account of his moustache and conservatively tailored jackets, was that of a military man (Beddington-Behrens, 59–60). His circle included Wyndham Lewis, T. S. Eliot, Katherine Mansfield, John Middleton Murry, and Frederick Delius. Though the Schiffs retained a base in London, they frequently travelled and lived elsewhere in the south of England and on the continent, and in consequence a substantial body of correspondence has survived. They became more settled with the move to Abinger Manor, near Dorking, in 1934. Their house was damaged by a stray German bomb in August 1944, and the shock may have been a contributing factor in Schiff's death at the Sackville Court Hotel, Kingsway, Hove, Sussex, from heart failure on 29 October 1944.

Michael H. Whitworth


T. E. M. Boll, ‘Biographical note’, Richard, Myrtle and I, ed. V. Schiff (1962), 15–40 · T. S. Eliot, ‘Mrs Violet Schiff’, The Times (9 July 1962) · E. Beddington-Behrens, Look back, look forward (1962) · Cavell v. Cavell, TNA: PRO, J77/76/485 · Schiff v. Schiff, TNA: PRO, J77/1003/459, J77/1011/678 · M. Proust, Correspondance, ed. P. Kolb, 21 vols. (1970–93) · m. certs. · The Times (13 Nov 1944) · CGPLA Eng. & Wales (1945)


BL, papers · BL, corresp., Add. MSS 52916–52923 |  Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, Wyndham Lewis papers · Harvard U., William Rothenstein papers · Merton Oxf., letters to Max Beerbohm · Tate collection, corresp. with Richard Eurich


W. Lewis, portrait, 1922–3, repro. in W. Michel, Wyndham Lewis: paintings and drawings (1971) · M. Beerbohm, caricature, 1925, repro. in M. Beerbohm, Observations (1925) · photograph, c.1930, repro. in Beddington-Behrens, Look back, look forward, facing p. 60 · photographs, c.1930–1933, repro. in Schiff, ed., Richard, Myrtle and I 

Wealth at death  

£2221 9s. 10d.: probate, 30 Jan 1945, CGPLA Eng. & Wales
Oxford University: Merton College Library
See Location Register of C20 English Lit MSS, British L, 1988
Tate Gallery Archive
NRA 38655
Imperial War Museum Department of Documents
See Location Register of C20 English Lit MSS, British L, 1988
British Library, Manuscript Collections

My darling little Joan

Searching for information about Sydney Schiff led me to look for books by him, written under his pseudonym of Stephen Hudson. I was intrigued to find some of his books for sale that had handwritten dedications to a 'darling little Joan', and I wondered who this could be. After some false leads, it became clear that Joan was, in fact, the Countess of Drogheda, but her remarkable story only gradually appeared. In his book 'Sydney and Violet" Stephen Klaidman refers to Joan, Countess of Drogheda as a friend of Violet, who left Joan her grand piano. In fact their acquaintance went back a long way, to when Joan was still a teenager, and was discovered by Sydney for her skills as a pianist at her first performance at the end of the First World War, and who was to become their protégée. Julian Fane, a later protégé of the widowed Violet, wrote a detailed and affectionate memoir of Violet in his book 'Memoir in the Middle of the Journey', which he dedicated to 'Joan Drogheda'. This was published in 1971, nine years after Violet's death. It was Joan who had introduced Julian to Violet.

Image courtesy of Thomas Dorn, ABAA
Image courtesy of Thomas Dorn, ABAA

Image courtesy of Thomas Dorn, ABAA

In 1993 Julian Fane published his biographical novel 'Eleanor', which is closely based on the life of Joan, Countess of Drogheda. It deals with her illegitimate birth, her difficult upbringing, her informal adoption by Sydney and Violet Schiff, her disastrous marriages, her acting career in America and her eventual meeting and marriage to the earl.
When I read this book it was soon after I had completed extensive research in public records, tracing the story of her mother and her divorce, Joan's birth, and her acting career. The novel was corroborated by what I had discovered, and also brought the skeleton narrative to life.

The Earl and Countess of Drogheda
Details of her birth

Salomon Schiff

My great great great grandfather Samson Schiff who was born in 1807 had three older brothers. The eldest brother was Leopold, born in 1797, about whom and whose many descendants I have discovered and written a great deal. The second son was Aron Adolph, born in 1802, who appears to have died in Nuremburg in 1860, a teacher, and apparently unmarried. The only other information I have been able to discover about him is that he taught languages in Muhlhausen and Dresden, and that in his youth he had been considered a rebel, and was secretly observed by the Royal Saxon Police in 1854 who commented on his 'democratic attitudes' that he wished to express openly. Mühlhausen is just 35km east of Mannheim, but Dresden is much further away, at 380km.

The third brother, who long remained a mystery to me, was Salomon, who was born in 1805. Whereas Leopold went into commerce, Adolph into teaching, and Samson into a craft as a silversmith, Salomon followed a career as a doctor.

Below is an automatic translation of a summary I wrote in French about Salomon and his descendants

The first ancestor whose name we know for sure is Samuel Schwalbach, of Hanau. Born in Hanau after the death of his father, also Samuel, whence his name, according to the Ashkenazi custom, he was married to the orphan Augusta Fuld of Mannheim, who no doubt brought him a considerable dowry. After this marriage he changed his surname from Schwalbach to Schiff, but this family name was not completely forgotten either by the family or by the authorities.This couple gave birth to one daughter and four sons: the eldest was named Leopold, the second Adolph, the third Solomon, and the youngest son Samson, my own ancestor. Leopold became a merchant, Adolph was a language teacher, Samson was a goldsmith, and Salomon, apparently the smartest, became a doctor in 1832. Born in Mannheim in 1805, he married May 4, 1837 with Caroline Zimmern, from a good Jewish family also from Mannheim. Their son Rudolph was born on April 2, 1838. When he was one year old his father Solomon died, leaving this son more than a pregnant woman. His little brother Friedrich Salomon (thus taking the name of his deceased father) was born July 16, 1839, but at this moment we lose all trace.As for Rudolph, he reappears at his wedding to the Christian Maria Anna Josepha Kunkel July 24, 1866 in Feudenheim, a suburb of Mannheim. Their four children were Mathilde, born in Frankfurt in 1867, Otto, also born in 1869 in Frankfurt, Elise, born in Bruchsal in 1871, and Franz Salomon, born in Mannheim in 1876.It is not known when this family arrived in Paris, but Rudolph was recognized by the state as 'officer of public instruction' before his death in 1918. Of his children, so far from Mathilde we know nothing apart from his marriage to Baptiste Faugeras, Otto I discovered his Parisian life as a musician and composer, Elise I recently discovered some details of his life, especially concerning his marriage to the Polish Jewish lawyer Roman Flatau . Franz Solomon married at the age of 19 with Julie Oppenheim, who appears to be the daughter of a Jewish couple. Franz and Julie had three daughters: Octavine, Lucienne and Yvonne. All three brides, Octavine has many descendants in France, Lucienne left family in Chile and the United States, and Yvonne also left descendants in the United States.

The death of Johanna Wollheim, and the marriage of Ludwig Wollheim

Johanna Wollheim

This was a surprise: the death certificate for Johanna Schiff, née Wollheim. The surprise being that it states that she professed no religion at the time of her death. Dated 13th May 1876, it gives her birthplace at Lissa, now Leszno in Poland. It states, as we would expect, that she was the wife of Leopold Schiff, and the daughter of Jacob Wollheim and Nanny Löwenthal. Her mother is variously named in the records as Nechle, Nechama and Nägele, obviously all variants, reflecting Yiddish, Hebrew, German and assimilatory influences over time.
I am at present unable to decipher and thence translate all the handwriting in this document.

Ludwig Wollheim

A marriage certificate, the husband being Ludwig Wollheim,and I think it reads that he was a merchant in Trieste, born 9th July 1830, and the son of Solomon Wollheim and Enrichetta Bernheimer. He married Helene Weissweiller in Frankfurt on 29th April 1864. She was born on 19th February 1840 and her parents were Leopold David Weisweiller and his wife Johanna. Ludwig was the nephew of Johanna Schiff.

Saturday, 31 March 2018

Mahler and the Schiff Family: a new link

I have already written about Mahler's friendship with the three Schiff sisters in Hamburg. []

Yesterday I received a fascinating email from my cousin Mary-Lu providing another aspect to the Mahler-Schiff friendship. She wrote:
Did I tell you the story about Mahler which I had from my mother? Apparently her mother, Lucile Newell Schiff, Samuele's (Carlo) third child, and second daughter, always said that when she wrote her autobiography she would tell that aged 4 she was carried up to bed on Gustav Mahler's shoulders. Maybe this was on one of the occasions when Gustav was spending Christmas with Henriette/Emma who would have been aunt to my granny: he could have gone to supper with Carlo or maybe they were staying with the ladies. I am so glad to have this other confirmation of the connection with Mahler. 
And I quickly replied:
Almost certainly Lucile met Mahler in 1892 when he came to London as a guest conductor from 26th May to 23rd July. The dates are perfect. Lucile was born 27th February 1887 so she would have been five. I am sure the three Schiff sisters in Hamburg would have given the introduction. Mahler was in Hamburg from 26th March 1891 till 1897, and his friendship with the Schiff sisters was strongest at the beginning of his sojourn.
There is another link. revealed in the autograph book of Rosie Schiff, daughter of Alfred Schiff. She must obviously have been on another visit to her three aunts in Hamburg, for her autograph book, which was sold at Sotheby's for £6,875 in 2012, has Mahler's signature with the inscription: 'Auf Wiedersehen in London!', Hamburg, 24th March 1892. He left Hamburg on 26th May 1892, in order to travel by ship to London. Perhaps it was Rosie, as much as her aunts, who, having met Mahler at their house in Hamburg, arranged to meet him in London at the home of her uncle Charles at 22, Lowndes Square. Rose Georgette Schiff was born in 1874, and was staying with her aunts in Hamburg in August 1891, as she signed the visitors book at Toni Petersen's on July 31st 1891. When Mahler signed her autograph book she would have been almost eighteen years old.

There are other sources of information about this visit, such as this interesting lecture on YouTube:

This is an interesting site about Gustav Mahler:

Lucile Schiff at the time of her meeting with Gustav Mahler. Painted by Julian Russell Storey in 1892.

Thursday, 15 March 2018

La Famille de Salomon Schiff

Le premier ancêtre dont nous connaissons le nom avec certitude est Samuel Schwalbach, de Hanau. Né à Hanau après la mort de son père, lui aussi Samuel, d'où son prénom, suivant la coutume ashkénaze, il a été marié à l'orpheline Augusta Fuld de Mannheim, qui sans doute lui a apporté une dot considérable. Après ce mariage il a changé son nom de famille de Schwalbach à Schiff, mais ce nom de famille n'a pas été complètement oublié ou par la famille ou par les autorités.
Ce couple a donné la vie à une fille et à quatre fils : l'aîné s'appellait Léopold, le deuxième Adolph, le troisième Salomon, et le cadet Samson, mon propre ancêtre. Léopold est devenu commerçant, Adolph était professeur de langues, Samson suivait la profession d'orfèvre, et Salomon, apparement le plus intelligent, est devenu médecin en 1832. Né à Mannheim en 1805, il s'est marié le 4 mai 1837 avec Caroline Zimmern, d'une bonne famille juive aussi de Mannheim. Leur fils Rudolph est né le 2 avril 1838. Quand il avait l'âge d'un an son père Salomon est mort, laissant ce fils plus une femme enceinte. Son petit frère Friedrich Salomon (prenant ainsi le prénom de son père décédé) est né le 16 juillet 1839, mais à ce moment nous en perdons toute trace.
Quant à Rudolph, il nous réapparaît à son mariage à la chrétienne Maria Anna Josepha Kunkel le 24 juillet 1866 à Feudenheim, une banlieue de Mannheim. Leurs quatres enfants étaient Mathilde, née à Francfort en 1867, Otto, né en 1869 lui aussi à Francfort, Élise, née à Bruchsal en 1871, et Franz Salomon, né à Mannheim en 1876.
On ne sait pas quand cette famille est arrivé à Paris, mais Rudolph a été reconnu par l'état comme 'officier de l'instruction publique' avant sa mort en 1918. De ses enfants, jusqu'à maintenant de Mathilde nous ne savons rien à part de son mariage à Baptiste Faugeras, d'Otto j'ai découvert sa vie parisienne de musicien et compositeur, d'Elise je viens de découvrir récemment quelques détails de sa vie, surtout concernant son mariage à l'avocat juif polonais Roman Flatau. Franz Salomon s'est marié à l'âge de 19 ans avec Julie Oppenheim, qui paraît d'être la fille d'une couple juive. Franz et Julie avaient trois filles: Octavine, Lucienne et Yvonne. Tous les trois mariées, Octavine a beaucoup de descendants en France, Lucienne a laissé de la famille en Chile et aux États Unies, et Yvonne elle aussi a laissé des descendants aux États Unies.

Friday, 9 March 2018

Elise Rosa Barbara Caroline Schiff

Elise was the daughter of Rudolph Schiff and his wife Maria Anna Josepha Kunkel. I believe she was born at Bruchsal in August 1871, the third of four children, her siblings being Mathilde, Otto the composer, and Franz Salomon, who has left many descendants. The records state she was born on August 16th, but her Polish residence permit gaves the date as August 19th.
She married Roman Flatau in Paris in the autumn of 1901. Roman was born in Plock, north west of Warsaw, and close to Poznan (then Posen in Prussia) on April 18th 1867. They presumably went to live in Poland after their marriage, but to what had been a German-speaking part of the country. 
Marriage Banns for Roman and Elise. Roman's mother was in fact Anna (Yiddish Hinde) Heyman. Keimann seems to be a misreading.

I have so far been unable to trace if they had any children, though I know that Roman was trained as a lawyer, and thus was given the title Doctor, and was buried in 1933 at Taverny in the north-west suburbs of Paris. He came from an illustrious family, his father being a wealthy banker and philanthropist. His brother Edward was a very famous neurologist, and his brother Julian was a renowned chemist and pharmacist, and professor at Poznan university. There was also a sister Helena. Edward remained Jewish throughout his life, Julian became a Protestant, and Roman and his wife are recorded as being Roman Catholic. Their father Ludwik remained Jewish though strongly supporting assimilation.

Residence record from Poznan for 1923 for Roman Jan Flatau, son of Ludwick and Anna, and Elzbieta Rosa née Schiff 

Bruchsal, her birthplace not far from Mannheim, was where Elise's great aunt Hange Maier lived, and where her great grandmother Augusta Schiff had gone to live on the death of her husband Samuel in 1827, until her own death in 1845.

I have not been able so far to trace any other information about Elise, such as details of her death.

"The documents are complemented by photo plates and glass plates from 1935-1958 and other materials, among which one deserves particular attention: anonymous denunciations for Aleksandra Flatau, and a 30-year contract for extending the validity of the tomb of her uncle Roman Flatau, issued to her by the mayor of Taverny in France in 1959."
This is an important and valuable essay in Polish about the Flatau family.

These documents appear to refer to Roman Flatau but need some analysis and explanation. Poznan was part of Germany until the end of the First World War, when it returned to Poland after over a hundred years. It is possible that this is a different Roman Flatau but it seems unlikely. Roman's birthplace was Plock, which was indeed part of Russia until it was returned to the new state of Poland after the First World War.


1894. Christina Freer had no connection with Roman: her occupation was 'wife'. She would have been travelling to join her husband in America.

USA naturalisation 1889, after ten years

Julian Flatau

Edward Flatau

As for Henryk Flatau, I can find little about him, but this may be a memorial to him:


and Janina Helena Flatau

daughter of Jakub Neumark

and Bronisława from d. Szyffer

Issued [?] by peasants
shot by the Nazis
from whom they hid
in Rabka on February 8, 1943.

In the mortgage book of Osada Anitra there are two men named Flatau - Julian and Henryk. We decided to follow them, finding the entire scientific dynasty among the representatives of whom both Julian and Henryk appear. Are these the same Flatau, who were immortalized in the mortgage registers of Letniska Milanówek, unfortunately it remains a puzzle for now, although circumstantial evidence indicates that it may be about them.
Professor of chemistry Julian Flatau was born in 1870 in Płock or Warsaw. He gained a very careful education, he studied, among others in Berlin, Vienna and Zurich. After graduation he worked in Bern and the Sorbonne in Paris, and then in Warsaw, where he collaborated with the paint factory. In 1914 he left Warsaw, going to Moscow. After World War I, he moves to Bydgoszcz, and then to Poznań, where he is the head of the Department of Medical Technology at the University of Poznań. He has not returned to Warsaw. Can it be Julian, whom we are looking for? Possibly. During his stay in Warsaw, he was able to purchase a property in nearby Letnicka Milanówek.  
However, we decided to look for Mr. Flatau more connected with Warsaw. Here, after a short search, it was possible to record success. A resident of Warsaw was a famous physician, one of the founders of the foundations of modern neurology Edward Flatau. He was born in 1868 in Płock, where his family was one of the most significant for the city (the palace remained after them, currently serving as a wedding palace). Edward Flatou was educated in Berlin and Moscow. At just 26 years old, he published a brain atlas that gained international recognition. Sigmund Freud himself was to say that the photos contained in the atlas are a great educational material. In 1899 Edward Flatau rejected the proposal to take the neurology department in Buenos Aires and lived in Warsaw, dealing with, among others, spinal cord research and discovery of the Flatau law.
Considering that there were many scientists in the then Letniska Milanówek, it can not be ruled out that Edward Flatau also visited here, visiting another representative of the Flatau family, Henryk, who owned a villa here. Only who was Henry? Here the search turned out to be much more difficult than in the case of Edward. The mystery was only explained by the article by Stanisława Mysłakowska "Borowin during the occupation", placed in the Podkowia Cultural Warehouse. It is written there that during the Second World War a widow of dr. Hid in Podkowa Leśna. Edward Flatau, whose daughter left the hideout in Podkowa to join Uncle Henryk, who lives in Rabka. So Henry Flatau was the brother of Edward Flatau. For a deeper search it turned out that he was also a doctor, although much less known than his famous brother.
Were the flatau men in question really connected to the pre-war Milanówek? In the picture placed on Wikipedia in the biography of Joanna Flatau, daughter of Edward Flatau, there is a picture of her childhood signed "presumably in Konstancin". Maybe this is not Konstancin at all? Or maybe it is in the pre-war Milanówek that one should look for completely different men of Flatau.    

This may refer to Henryk and Helena, who apparently qualified as a doctor:
Warsaw telephone Directory 1939/40

'Kurjer', 1908, Lublin
"The national parcel bank for the Kingdom of Poland. We have before us the act of the national parcel bank established in Warsaw for the Kingdom of Poland, headed by two thoroughly acquainted with this activity, the citizens of Płock land, pp. Henryk Flatau and Antoni? Kowalewski. The bank is assumed to be a parent company with broad financial support. It aims, among other things, to defend against buying land in the Kingdom of Poland by the Germans and to facilitate the transfer of landed estates into small hands."

Among medical science: Karl Goldstein, Ludwik Hirszfeld, Samuel Goldflam, Mieczysław Minkowski, Henryk Flatau, Juliusz Strassburger, Leopold Landau ...

"A photograph of the Flatau family inside the orangery located on the property in the 1880s. Obtained thanks to Ms. Krystyna Grochowska (from the family descendants of the Flatau family from Paris)"

From 'Concordia: Le Corréspondant Internationale', 1900. Courtesy of Vincent Sanfuentes

Sundry notes translated from the Polish

Ludwik Flatau - a merchant, later he became a member of the landed gentry, founder of the Flatau Jewish Old People’s Home; the chief representative of the Płock circle of assimilationists. Edward Flatau (1866-1932) – Ludwik’s son, a doctor, scientist, one of the most prominent Polish psychiatrists, a co-creator of the Polish School of Neurology.

His wife was Anna Flatau née Heyman (died on July 4, 1898 in Płock [9]), with whom he had five children: Roman, Edward, Julian, Henryk, and daughter Helena. He lived with his family on Kolegialna street at number 11 [10] [11]. Ludwik and Anna were the owners of the city of Bieżuń [12] in the years 1875-1876. He belonged to the Enlightenment movement, which assumed the spreading of knowledge and education among Jews, including Płock [13].

The plot of May 28, 1820, he bought Bartłomiej Turski from Teodor Dohman for 12 thousand. 150 Polish zlotys. From Turski, the plot was taken over by Kazimierz Turski in 1832 for 12,000. Polish zlotys and it was his hands that became the property of the Flatau family. Turski gained 13.5 thousand on the transaction Polish zlotys. It is known that in 1835 Joachim Flaau's estate consisted of an empty square intended for residential development, and before there was a small fruit garden and a large vegetable garden. When his first wife died, her husbandthe man remarried and bought "property at ul. Collegial under number 321 ". - Joachim as a Jew, so that he could buy real property located outside the Jewish quarter, he had to turn to the Provincial Commission for a purchase permit.

In 1865, Berta Flatau, using her husband's illness, sold the right of perpetual rent to the garden to Stanisław Kirkor, an economic cashier who re-sold them the following year to Abraham Herman from Kalisz. This coincides with the death of Joachim Flatau, who left nine children, which led to the stratification of sentences regarding the future use of the inheritance. The sisters preferred to sell it and divide the income, while Ludwik, born in 1835, a merchant and banker, supported his mother, who stood for public auction. Ultimately, the property is managed by a son who also becomes its owner.

The article presents the life and activity of individual members of the intellectual family of Flatau, Jewish origin, from 1921 related to Poznań. They include: Julian Flatau (1870-1935) - professor of chemistry at the Poznań University and the Poznań School of Economics, his wife Fanny nee Landau (1880-1973) - lawyer, translator and private foreign language teacher by education, their son Kazimierz (1910-2000) - a chemist by education, lecturer in physics at the University of Poznań and creator of the harpsichord class at the State Higher School of Music in Poznań, daughter of Aleksander (Kowalska, Shuster 1914-1978) - lawyer and her son Krzysztof Flatau-Kowalski (born in 1938) ) - electronics engineer, parents Fanny: Anna née Lévy (1858-1942) and Michał (1848-1919) Landauowie and Zenaida Myszcyn-Flatau (1909-2000) - wife of Kazimierz Flatau. The purpose of the article is to describe primarily the contents of the family's legacy kept in the collection of the Raczyński Library in Poznań: personal documents, property, photographs, correspondence and other materials related to their interests and professional activities. They can be a valuable source material for researchers of Jewish history in Poland and their role in Poznań's science and culture. At the end of the text, a separate attention was paid to the papers of the Russian aristocratic Korostow family, who were associated with them, but the contents of the article were signaled only because of the limited volume of the article. They can be a valuable material to the history of so-called white Russian emigration after 1917.The legacy of the Flatau family in the collection of the Raczyński Library (PDF Download Available). Available from: [accessed Mar 10 2018].

Bulletin de la Société de législation comparée